Shadow Christians are people who work in dimly lit margins, in the shadows created by the spotlight shining on others. They are believers who serve quietly, often anonymously, doing the work that keeps churches, organizations, families, and communities functioning. Shadow Christians make an impact even when no one knows their names.

Who provides ministry money? God is our Source and Sustainer, period. But while financial resources come from God, they almost always pass through someone’s hands on the way to a church’s bank account. Who are these donors? They are rank-and-file Christians who give relatively small amounts – consistently, quietly, sacrificially – that make a significant impact when combined with the gifts of fellow believers. Most people who earn, gather, and give the money to fund churches and ministries do so out of obedience and gratitude to God, not to gain notoriety.

There are multiple Bible stories that illustrate how unnamed people provided materials for the mission. On several occasions, Jesus directed his disciples to collect necessary resources. They did so with little fanfare and no mention of the donors’ names. Jesus told two of his disciples, “Go into the village ahead of you. As you enter it, you will find a colt tied there, on which no one has ever sat. Untie it and bring it. If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ say this: ‘The Lord needs it’” (Lk. 19:30-31). The disciples found the animal and, as might be expected, questions were raised. “As they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, ‘Why are you untying the colt?’ ‘The Lord needs it’ they said” (Lk. 19:33), “so they let them go” (Mk. 11:6). The most famous colt in history was provided by an anonymous donor.

A few days later, it was time for the Passover and the disciples asked Jesus where he planned to observe it. He told two of them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him. Wherever he enters, tell the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher says, “Where is my guest room where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?”’ He will show you a large room upstairs, furnished and ready. Make the preparations for us there” (Mk. 14:13-15).

In both cases, disciples followed Jesus’ directions and made the arrangements. Just as he foreknew and instructed, a colt and a furnished room were provided. Jesus identified specific people who would channel necessary provisions. Isn’t it interesting, despite his capacity to know everything and predict the minute details in these stories, these two donors—colt owner and home owner—remain anonymous? Their gifts mattered more than their identity.

Two other well-known giving stories during Jesus’ ministry also underscore the significance of small gifts given by unnamed donors. When a large crowd needed to be fed and a solution seemed impossible, Andrew said, “There’s a boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish—what are they for so many?” (Jn. 6:9). An unnamed boy, only mentioned once, was the means by which God provided. Jesus took this limited provision, blessed it, and fed 5,000 people with enough leftovers to fill twelve baskets. One of the most consequential offerings in history was given by a child—who was barely mentioned, much less named.

Jesus also used a small gift by another unnamed donor to teach important lessons about true generosity. Jesus was sitting across from the temple treasury watching people give their offerings. Rich people were making generous, showy donations. “Then a poor widow came and dropped in two tiny coins worth very little. Summoning his disciples, he said to them, ‘Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put more into the treasury than all the others. For they all gave out of their surplus, but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had—all she had to live on’” (Mk. 12:42-44). Jesus made it clear—sacrifice matters more than show; proportion matters more than amount.

Shadow Christians are like the people in these biblical stories. They are farmers and homeowners, children with limited resources, and seniors living on fixed incomes. They give what they have—an animal from the herd, hospitality and a spare room, their lunch money, or part of their Social Security check. Most shadow Christians aren’t fat cats or high rollers. They are everyday believers—like you—who know all they have comes from God and he expects them to be good stewards. They are channels of God’s resources, not holding ponds behind dams erected by their selfishness or need to be noticed.

Excerpted from Dr. Iorg’s new book—Shadow Christians: Making an impact when no one knows your name.

Read More

Perspective: SBC 2023

Dr. Iorg discusses what unites the SBC in light of next week’s annual convention.

Jeff Iorg
Dr. Jeff Iorg is the president of Gateway Seminary. Prior to his service at the Seminary, Dr. Iorg was the Executive Director of the Northwest Baptist Convention for almost ten years. He was also the founding pastor of Greater Gresham Baptist Church in Gresham, Oregon, and has served as a pastor in Missouri and a staff pastor in Texas.


 The greatest problem in our world is lostness. The only solution to lostness is the gospel of Jesus Christ.

Jeff Iorg
Dr. Jeff Iorg is the president of Gateway Seminary. Prior to his service at the Seminary, Dr. Iorg was the Executive Director of the Northwest Baptist Convention for almost ten years. He was also the founding pastor of Greater Gresham Baptist Church in Gresham, Oregon, and has served as a pastor in Missouri and a staff pastor in Texas.


Lead On Podcast
June 4, 2023

“Life is Curriculum”: How Leaders Grow after Seminary

Dr. Iorg encourages leaders to continue growing after Seminary. He identifies seven ways to cultivate and work towards spiritual maturity. 

Lead On Podcast
May 28, 2023

Dealing with Angry People

There is a lot of anger in the world right now and a lot of that anger is spilling over into the church. This week Dr. Iorg discusses different ways to engage with and disciple angry people in your ministry.


Spirituality of Jonathan Edwards | JEC at Gateway Seminary

Dr. Chris Chun hosted a digital symposium with Dr. Michael Haykin and Dr. Robert Caldwell to discuss Edwards’ spirituality, devotional life and theological impact in American Christianity.

Chris Chun
Professor of Church History | Director, Jonathan Edwards Center
Dr. Chris Chun is the professor of Church History and the director of Jonathan Edwards Center at Gateway Seminary. Chris’ doctoral research at St. Andrews University was focused on the eighteenth-century Edwardsean Baptists in Britain. He also has served as president of The Evangelical Theological Society (Far West Region).

Faculty Dialogues: Dispensationalism or Not

In this episode of Faculty Dialogues, Dr. David Rathel and Dr. Paul Wegner held a live discussion on their views on dispensationalism.

David Rathel
Associate Professor of Christian Theology
Dr. Rathel is the associate professor of Chrisitian Theology at Gateway Seminary. Prior to Gateway, Dr. Rathel supplied pastoral care to churches in the United States and Scotland, served as an Adjunct Professor of Theology and Philosophy for the Baptist College of Florida, and provided teaching assistance for the University of St Andrews.

Get updates on new content!