Classrooms at Gateway are more than conduits for information dissemination. They are a leader-shaping laboratory. During a recent presentation on ecclesiology, students poured out their discouragement and frustration over the state of their churches. The professor set aside his notes and addressed the issues at hand. He followed up that class session with a series of letters to students, pointing out historical precedent which gives us hope for the future.
The professor has given me permission to edit those letters and re-word them for a more general audience. If you are dismayed about the condition of your church and the Church in general, these three letters are for you.
More than any other time since I’ve taught this course, you have expressed discouragement, dismay, and frustration over the state of our churches. We are indeed in a bad way. COVID, political divisiveness, and rampant spiritual apathy have seriously weakened our churches and their witness. Membership in Southern Baptist churches dropped 2% last year. Today, only 47% of Americans belong to any church. That number was 70% as recently as 1999.
But hang on! The state of the church in America has been far worse in the past. In 1776, only 17% of people claimed church membership. During the Revolutionary War (1776-1783), things got even worse. Because of that war and the French and Indian War (1754-1763), many pastors had abandoned their churches to serve in the military, and churches were greatly weakened. Culturally, atheism from France and deism from England were all the rage – especially among college students. As a result, many despised the church and wanted nothing to do with it. Wars and cultural confusion had weakened the church. Sound familiar?
In 1795, Lyman Beecher described Yale University saying, “The college was in a most ungodly state. The college church was almost extinct. Most of the students were skeptical and rowdies were plenty. Wine and liquors were kept in many rooms; intemperance, profanity, gambling, and licentiousness were common. Most of the class before me were infidels and called each other Voltaire, Rousseau . . . etc.” J. Edwin Orr wrote, “The typical Harvard student was atheist. Students at Williams College conducted a mock celebration of Holy Communion. When the Dean at Princeton opened the chapel Bible to read, a pack of playing cards fell out, some radical having cut a rectangle out of each page to fit the pack. Christians were so unpopular that they met in secret and kept their minutes in code. The radical leader of deist students led a mob in burning the Bible of Rarian Valley Presbyterian Church. Students disrupted worship services with both profanity and sputum. They burned down buildings, and they forced the resignation of college presidents.”
Besides all this, many church members were leaving and moving to the Western frontier. By 1800, nearly a million people had left the East. The Episcopal pastor at Bath, Devereux Jarratt was a dynamic preacher. At one point, his three churches became so crowded he had to hold services outside. He discipled many new converts in small accountability groups (like the Methodists). But by 1794, everything in Jarrett’s churches had changed. Attendance and morale were incredibly low. Jarrett said, “The present time is marked by peculiar traits of impiety and such an almost universal inattention to the concerns of religion that very few will attend on Sunday, to hear the word of the Lord. The state of religion is gloomy and distressing; the church of Christ seems to be sunk very low.”
What happened next? God’s people got serious about seeking him for spiritual awakening and that’s next week’s letter!
Since an individual’s wise financial planning has recently blessed Gateweay in a significant way, Dr. Iorg encourages others to do likewise by considering an estate plan through the Baptist Foundation of California.
Dr. Chris Chun hosted a digital symposium with Dr. Michael Haykin and Dr. Robert Caldwell to discuss Edwards’ spirituality, devotional life and theological impact in American Christianity.